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IELTS EXAM MODULES

IELTS Listening

This is the first section of IELTS exam. In this student listens a recording and writes answers those are given on the question sheet. The IELTS listening test is divided into four sections. Students hear each section one time only. Total time for the test is 40 minutes. The audio or recording is about 30 minutes, afterwards extra ten minutes are given to transfer answers to an answer sheet. There are 40 questions altogether as each section has 10 questions.

In general, there are mainly 6 types of questions in the listening section-
  • Form, note, Table, Flow-chart, summary completion.
  • Plan, Map, Diagram Labeling
  • Matching
  • Multiple Choices
  • Sentence Completion
  • Short answer question

This section has been designed to test. The English Comprehension skills of candidate, whether a student is able to understand the piece of information or successfully  answer questions. The listening scores are out of 40 and are calculated as per correct answer number. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

The maximum word limit for answer is three words or a number. Sometimes the demand of answer is two words or one word. In multiple choice questions candidates need to write only option of correct answer such as [A, B, C and D]. They are not required to write full option.

The Listening recording are taken from educational or training contexts. A number of English accents and dialects are used in these recordings those sometimes puzzle the students.

Section Context Number of Speakers.
1. Social needs Conversation between two speakers
2. Social needs Speech by one speakers
3. Educational Training Conversation Assignment, Research Between up to Report writing 4 speakers
4. Academic Subject Speech by one speaker

IELTS READING

It is the second part of the test. To complete all the sections students will be allowed 1 hour or 60 minutes. In general reading there are 3 main passages but part 2. Is divided into 2 parts So, in total there are 5 passages while in Academic there are only 3 passages. The Texts are authentic and are taken from books, journals, Magazines and newspapers in both general and Academic Section. In both Reading 40 Questions are given to answers.

The Subject of the topic may be Technology, Science research, medical, Agriculture and any past research subject.

There are different types of question types in Academic Reading and General Reading too.

1. Matching Heading Questions
In this one has to choose a heading from the list which matches a section or paragraph in the passage.

2. True false or not given/Yes, No, Not Given Questions.

3. Matching Paragraph Information questions- In this type of questions Just need to find information in the Paragraph and Match it.

4.  Summary Completion Questions- You will see a paragraph with missing words. You will use the reading passage to fill in the blanks and complete the Paragraph.

5.  Sentence Completion Questions- In this type of task, you are given sentences from the reading with a gap in it. Candidate need to fill it with words

6.  Multiple Choice Questions- There are 3 or 4 options given in this type of question while reading student need to mark right option after matching information.

7.  Table Completion- Students will be provided with an incomplete table which summarises or Paragraphs information is given in the Reading text.

8.  Flow Chart Completion- This can be any process and cycle, in which students need to fill the answer after reading the passage.

General Reading

General Reading is considered easier than academic. There are 5 Passages in total since section 2 is divided into 2 parts. The question type, time limit and questions number is same in both types of readings. The Passages have been taken from Magazines, any advertisement of product, opening ceremony of any gym, clubs and supermarkets. The last passage is Lengthy than rest of the three Passages.

IELTS Speaking

This is the fourth module for students speaking module might be conducted 7 days after and before of Reading, Listening and Writing. The test is 11 to 14 minutes long with three parts. The Format is the same for both test takers.

In the speaking test, You have a discussion with a certified Examiner. Everything is recorded by Examiner. In the first part, the questions are related to one’s interest, family, City, like, dislike, Profession and Study background. Students need to elaborate answers in 3-4 lines.

In the second round, a monologue is given to a student for that he gets 1 minute for preparation and he has to speak till 2 minutes on that topic. The topic would be anything your past experience, visit or experience of any occasion, city so on.

In third part questions are known as cross questing and follow up questions. Those are designed according to cue card. Alike First Part in third part also student must give complete elaborated answers.

IELTS Writing

Writing is third module of IELTS. It has 2 sections for a total of 60 minutes. In both types of test students get Task 1 and Task 2. Task 2 questions is same an essay but subject is changed. IELTS Writing Task 1 is worth only about 33% of your total writing marks, on the other hand 67% is held by Task 2.

Both Tasks are marked on :
1. Task achievement (25 %)
2. Coherence Cohesion [25%]
3. Vocabulary (25%)
4. Grammar [25%]

Word limit in Task 1 and 2

Task 1 requires minimum 150 words which can be completed in 4 paragraphs for example
1. Introduction – What is the topic
2. Body Paragraph A – Detailed Introduction
3. Body Paragraph A – Detailed Introduction
4. Body Paragraph B – Detailed Introduction
Further, the task 2 demands 250 words. It is a formal essay. That makes 4 or 5 paragraphs in Total.

 

Academic Task 1

It is asked to write a report infographic into words. Minimum word requirement is 150 and limit can be between. 170-190 Words or Sentences.

There are Multiple Infographics


1. Line Graphs – There can more than one graph, in this there is a graphical presentation of objects for each object, there a line is given that connect points and represents its change over time.

2. Bar Charts – Bar Chart is the questions that there may be one or few charts meanwhile the data is demonstrated in vertical and horizontal  bars. It is mostly used to emphasize the comparison between objects.

3. Pie Chart – Each part of the pie chart usually represents statistic for a factor by dividing into many parts, which is calibrated in percentage. Question will demand to describe compare and contrast the data in word paragraph.

4. Table – There will be one or more than one table containing data about a topic. Students need to write a report by analyzing and comparing the statistic which is given in the tables.

5. Map – This type of questions trend appear with lower frequency as compared to other types. However Just because it is not very common does not mean you will not see it.
To describe the map, there are 2 main formats

  • One map- You are asked to illustrate a map of random place, usually in Present. Presently this format rarely shows up in the IELTS Writing Task 1 Since there is one map only so there is hardly anything to compare and contrast.
  • Two Maps – This type likely to be popular In detail you are asked two maps about the same place but may be in two different timelines for projects.

6. Process
The Image of a process will be given in the exam, this process could be a natural process such as the lifespan of an animal, or an artificial process like manufacturing or nourishing. Test takers have to mention all the steps or phases in order without missing one.

7. Multiple Charts
This is the last type of question, sometimes students will encounter the test that tells you to write on two or more different types of chart or graph. For Instance, Pei chart and bar charts, line graphs and pie charts. Sometimes students might feel perplexed and nervous to solve the task. Students should not feel so because the charts will be related to each other.

General Task 1

The General Writing Task 1 Measures students ability to communicate about common practical issues. Candidates have 20 minutes to write on the given situation. There might be a person, company and institution to whom this letter can be addressed. Your response is worth about 30% of your writing score and is graded separately from the Task 2 essay.
The type of letters is divided into 3 types and the purpose of letter is also dissimilar
 
Types Characteristics Opening Salutation Ending Salutation
Formal purposed to higher authority of
Yours manager, Chairman, principal etc.
Dear Sir/Madam Yours Faithfully
Semi Formal  To Whom you only share official
Relationship & know first name and not
That much from person can be your
neighbours, someone else’s authority.
Dear Mr. Bill Mrs Graid Yours sincerely
Informal To those whom you know very
Will, your friend, relative & family
Members.
Dear Amma  Best regards
Dear Suivie Warm wishes
 
The letter contains 4 Paragraphs those include three bulleted points given to a student in the question prompt such as
Explain the problem

Describe why it disturbs you

Suggest a Solution.

Addition to this question can be seeking information, request, complaint and apology. Same as Academic task 1 the demand of word limit also 150-180. Keep in mind you don’t run out of time because the next 40 minutes can be used to complete the essay in Task 2.

Writing Task 2

Essay Writing

This question is included in both the general and academic IELTS. The time limit is 40 minutes to write a 250-word response to an essay question. This essay should include four paragraphs. [An introduction two body paragraphs and a conclusion]
In Writing Essay question types there are mostly 6 types

Agree/Disagree

In this type one idea is given and asks if you agree or disagree with the idea related to that topic. For example, some people think that the best way to deal with the problem of increasing crime rate is only government should make strict rules and regulations. To what extract do you agree and disagree?
This essay require point of your opinion

Advantage/Disadvantage

It is a type of discussion essay in which some benefits and drawbacks of the situation is discussed. In this question we divide the answer question into 2 types according to demand of question. In both the question pattern of the essay differs for example
In Order to solve the traffic problems, governments should tax private car owners heavily and use the money to improve public transportation?

What are the advantages and disadvantages
Or
Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

Discuss both views and give your opinion

In this type of candidate need to write on both the ideas including his opinion too.
For Example – Some people think that industrial growth his necessary to solve poverty. Others think it is causing environmental problems.
Discuss both and state your opine.

Both Negative and positive Effects

Students are given this essay type in which they are demanded to take down about both negative and positive effects of any development and change.
Now-a-days, some workplaces tend to employ equal numbers of men and women workers.

Do you think it is a positive or negative development?
Or
In some type of this question one thing is asked as

Playing computer games is bad for children, whereas others say it has positive effects. Discuss how it has more negatives than positives.

Causes and Effects

The demand of this question is reasons and effects of any problem. Sometimes question demand effects and solutions.
For Example- International travel makes people prejudiced rather broad minded. What are the causes and effects ?
2. These days urban areas is facing numerous problems due to overpopulation identify two or three serious ones and suggest ways that governments and individuals can take these problems.

Reason and Solutions

This type not only ask reasons but also some measures to sort out the problem or issue.
For Example – Traffic congestion is increasing. Write about reasons and solutions to it. 

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